Politics is the study of political activity, groups or institutions, in terms of power relationships between people, including the distribution of political status or assets, and the decision making process in groups. The branch of social science that studies politics and political government are known as political science. It includes such areas as government, history, sociology, ethics, psychology and other branches. Politics also includes a sub-field called political theory.
Politics deals with how groups and individuals make decisions affecting society as a whole. It also covers the methods by which power relations are established, and how these power relations are affected by politics and policies. It also goes into the decision-making process of public agencies and organizations, and the societal effects of those policies. All these areas are tackled in political science research.
In today’s world, politics has become a major force shaping global affairs. Politics has been responsible for social progress and policies which benefit people’s lives in different ways. Some areas of politics affect human rights and empower people at different levels. For example, globalization and technological advancements have created new constraints on development that some countries have struggled with, creating political barriers to economic growth. There are a number of barriers to economic participation for people with disabilities.
The main barriers to political participation by people with disabilities are two-fold. First, many public policies do not benefit people because of the presence of special interests groups who lobby for specific policies that benefit them. In addition, some public policies to limit freedom of choice for people with disabilities, and there are policies that further discriminate against the disabled, especially when it comes to politics.
Second, some public policies do not provide opportunities to enhance political participation by people with disabilities. These include laws that deny access to some forms of government assistance such as welfare and unemployment insurance, laws that bar access to voting and other elections, and policies that bar entry to public offices. Laws that deny accessibility to these necessities of life create disincentives for individuals to pursue a career in politics. Such legislation also makes it difficult for those with disabilities to participate in formal politics. As a result, many people with disabilities remain excluded from politics altogether.
The lack of accessible forms of public representation places a greater burden of responsibility on politicians to ensure that their laws and policies to benefit the disabled. This can lead to policies that actually disadvantage disabled citizens. Policies that exclude the disabled from politics to create an unequal distribution of power in society. For instance, a disability makes it difficult to hold office. The policies that deny disabled people the right to participate in politics effectively perpetuate this unequal power structure.
The second barrier to political participation by the disabled is that many disability-specific terms are either used or applied differently from the rest of the English language. For instance, “disease” and “imperfect” are two terms that most people would describe as describing a person’s life circumstance without reference to their disability. The etymology of these words provide clues as to their inclusive meaning. Similarly, “liberal” and “democratic” may describe political philosophies, but the word “democracy” has no clear etymology.
In our modern world, the etymology of “democracy” reveals the fact that it came from the adjective political, used to describe the form of government established by aristocrats in ancient Athens. The adjective “egalitarian” from the root word agents, means “common” or “open.” This root word, agents, is used to describe modern governments that are democratic in structure. So “democracy” comes from the root word ‘egalitarian,’ and “democracy” likely derived from the Greek word ‘demokritos’ or “commonalty.”